Thyroid & Parathyroid diseases Treatment with the top endocrinologist of Mumbai

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The top Thyroid doctor of Mumbai

Dr. Shehla Shaikh has multiple years of experience with the management of thyroid and parathyroid diseases. She has provided scores of patients with positive outcomes. She creates a customized approach for her patients, depending on their medical history and requirements.

These are some of the things that make her one of the best endocrinologists for thyroid care in Mumbai.
Based on 97 reviews.
Ambrose DSouza
Ambrose DSouza
My experience with Dr. Shehla Shaikh for the last many years has been exceptionally good. She has made me live my diabetic life very confidently with the treatment she has been giving. I am fortunate to have her as my doctor. She has successfully treated not only my diabetes but even other ailments which have cropped up from time to time. God bless her and keep her serving humanity for many more years.
Firoz Bastawala
Firoz Bastawala
Good doctor
Taha Khan
Taha Khan
Excellent treatment
Dolly K
Dolly K
Very composed and calm demeanor.shes extremely sensitive and compassionate. One of the gentlest doctors ever.
Zarina Modak
Zarina Modak
Under the treatment of Dr. Sheila Shaikh n Dietician Asma Shaikh my sugar was normal. Thy asked me to follow reverse diet.. Which I did n sugar got reversed.. Thanks for these doctors..
Ansari Sheeza
Ansari Sheeza
Highly experienced and a very great motivator... 👍🏼
Image of doctor fixing the thyroid gland

What is the thyroid gland?

Named after the Greek word for an oblong shield, ‘thureos’, the thyroid is an endocrine gland that is located in the base of your neck. From a frontal view, it closely resembles the shape of a butterfly.

This endocrine gland is responsible for the release of hormones that regulate your body metabolism. In other words, the thyroid hormones regulate the way that your body uses energy. It is therefore very important in controlling various functions such as:

  • Breathing
  • Central and peripheral nervous systems
  • Muscle strength
  • Menstrual cycles
  • Heart rate
  • Body weight
  • Body temperature
  • Cholesterol levels etc.

The gland is around 2 inches long, has 2 lobers and is located behind the area commonly referred to as the Adam’s apple

Functions of the thyroid & parathyroid glands

The main function of both these glands, as shared earlier, is to release hormones that help regulate the metabolism in the body. The thyroid uses dietary iodine to make T3 & T4. The hypothalamus and the pituitary glands, located in the brain, in-turn control the function of the thyroid and parathyroid glands.

The Hypothalamus releases TRH (thyrotropin-releasing hormone) which stimulates the pituitary to release TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone), thereby regulating the thyroid.

The hormones relased by the Thyroid are:

  • T3 (Triiodothyronine) &
  • T4 (Thyroxine)

The Parathyroid gland releases the parathyroid hormone.

It is very important for the body to function properly, that T3 and T4 be present in the right quantities and neither too high, nor too low. 

T3 & T4 reach almost every cell in the body and regulate the speed at whih metabolism works. It will therefore regulate how quickly you digest food, or how quick your heart beats. If the levels are low, it would lead to weight gain for example. Similarly, if the levels are too high, it would lead to a high heart rate.

The parathyroid hormone regulates the release and absorption of calcium in the bones, kidneys and intestines. 

image showing check for t3 t4 tsh

Diagnosing thyroid and parathyroid disorders

Diagnosis of thyroid diseases happen with the help of a physical examination followed by blood tests. The tests that are often recommended to diagnose your condition include:
  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is produced in the pituitary gland and regulates the balance of thyroid hormones — including T4 and T3 — in the bloodstream. This is usually the first test your provider will do to check for thyroid hormone imbalance.  Normal TSH range for an adult: 0.40 – 4.50 mIU/mL (milli-international units per liter of blood).
  • T4: Thyroxine is tested to diagnose hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, and used to monitor treatment of thyroid disorders. Low T4 is seen with hypothyroidism, whereas high T4 levels may indicate hyperthyroidism. Normal T4 range for an adult: 5.0 – 11.0 ug/dL (micrograms per deciliter of blood).
  • FT4: Free T4 or free thyroxine is a method of measuring T4 that eliminates the effect of proteins that naturally bind T4 and may prevent accurate measurement. Normal FT4 range for an adult: 0.9 – 1.7 ng/dL (nanograms per deciliter of blood)
  • T3: Triiodothyronine tests help diagnose hyperthyroidism or to show the severity of hyperthyroidism. Low T3 levels can be observed in hypothyroidism, but more often this test is useful in the diagnosis and management of hyperthyroidism, where T3 levels are elevated. Normal T3 range: 100 – 200 ng/dL (nanograms per deciliter of blood).
  • FT3: Free T3 or free triiodothyronine is a method of measuring T3 that eliminates the effect of proteins that naturally bind T3 and may prevent accurate measurement. Normal FT3 range: 2.3 – 4.1 pg/mL (picograms per milliliter of blood)

Various thyroid disorders

Below listed are the most common disorders of the thyroid. You can click on them to read more.


Goiter is a swelling in the front of the throat caused by increase in size of the thyroid gland
This is an overactivity of the thyroid gland, leading to increased rates of metabolism.


This is an overactivity of the thyroid gland, leading to increased rates of metabolism.
In this condition the body does not produce enough thyroid hormones, thereby leading to reduced metabolism


In this condition the body does not produce enough thyroid hormones, thereby leading to reduced metabolism

Where to visit your thyroid expert in Mumbai

Dr. Shehla Shaikh

Shop No 10,1st Floor, Patel Arcade, Nagpada Junction, Maharashtra 400008

SAIFEE HOSPITAL: 15/17, Maharshi Karve Rd, Charni Road East, Opera House, Girgaon, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400004


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